The ILO Model Agreement on Temporary and Permanent Migration for Employment was developed to provide a framework for regulating international migration for employment purposes. The agreement was created by the International Labor Organization (ILO), a specialized agency of the United Nations that aims to promote social justice and decent working conditions around the world.
The model agreement acknowledges the importance of international labor migration for both sending and receiving countries. While it recognizes the benefits of temporary and permanent migration for employment, it also emphasizes the need to protect the rights of migrant workers and ensure that they are not exploited.
The model agreement covers a wide range of issues related to international labor migration. Some of the key provisions include:
1. Non-Discrimination: The agreement provides that migrant workers should not be discriminated against on the basis of their race, ethnicity, gender, religion, or any other characteristic.
2. Recruitment and Placement: The agreement sets out guidelines for the recruitment and placement of migrant workers, including the need to ensure that workers are not charged excessive fees for recruitment services.
3. Employment Conditions: The agreement requires employers to provide migrant workers with fair and decent working conditions, including minimum wages, working hours, and safety standards.
4. Social Security: The agreement recognizes the importance of social security for migrant workers and provides guidelines for ensuring that workers are able to access social security benefits in both their home and host countries.
5. Education and Training: The agreement highlights the importance of education and training for migrant workers, both to help them succeed in their current jobs and to improve their long-term employment prospects.
6. Return and Reintegration: The agreement provides for the safe and dignified return of migrant workers to their home countries and outlines measures to support their reintegration into their local communities.
Overall, the ILO Model Agreement on Temporary and Permanent Migration for Employment provides a comprehensive framework for regulating international labor migration. By promoting the rights and protections of migrant workers, the agreement helps to ensure that labor migration is a positive and mutually beneficial experience for both workers and employers.